Fourteen adult white grunt, Haemulon plumieri, were intermittently tracked, principally around dusk and dawn, using acoustic telemetry. Nine fish were tracked. The White Grunt, Haemulon plumieri. Illustration by Diana Rome Peebles Courtesy of Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Division of. including the tornIate, Hacinulon aurolineatwn, and the white grunt. H. plumieri, are among the most abundant fishes on reefs, live-bottom shelf areas, and in a.

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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2. Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Females showed smaller amplitude, ranging from Lacepede, a French naturalist.

It occurs rarely in waters north of South Carolina U. Grunts are easy to catch and have white meat that cooks well, so they are sometimes caught to be eaten. The scale proposed by Shinozaki-Mendes et al.

In Haiti it is sometimes collected with dynamite. The average size of this fish is six inches to more than a foot, [2] and H. Although usually served as a panfish, some are large enough to provide small fillets. Found in dense aggregations during the day on patch reefs, around coral formations, or on sandy bottoms Ref.

This analysis included only adult females. White grunts reach sexual maturity is attained during the third year of life when males reach 7. Since the changes were similar both in GI and seasonal variation of maturation stages, it can be stated that the results are reliable.

Haemulon plumieri

Haemulon plumieri white grunt San Salvador Island, Bahamas 2. The maximum reported length is 18 inches Biology Reproductive biology of Haemulon plumieri Teleostei: Haemulidae from the Northesastern Brasilian Coast. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. This page was last edited on 7 Mayat Due to the large fishing effort directed to H.


Maximum age for the white grunt is believed to be between 9 and 12 years. Grunts produce grunting sounds, hence their common name, by grinding the pharyngeal teeth, amplifying the sound with the air bladder. Cestode larvae have been observed in the bladder and nematodes in the gut mesentary and ovaries of this fish. Potts and Manooch found a negative alometry that can be explained by the fact that the curve was skewed by smaller individuals of H. Procedures to estimate fecundity of marine fish species in relation to their reproductive strategy.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Reproductive cycle and gonadal indices Although there were occurrences of maturing females throughout the year, the frequency of mature individuals was higher in March, April and May Figure 2.

The male reproductive cycle, unlike that of females, did not show a clear haemhlon variation; specimens in all maturation stages having been found throughout the year Figure 2. Predators Snappers, groupers, lizardfishes, spanish mackerel, sharks and other large piscivores feed on the white grunt. Age, growth and mortality of white grunt Haemulon plumieri from the central coast of Brazil.

File:Haemulon plumieri (white grunt) (San Salvador Island, Bahamas) 2 (15996879649).jpg

This image was originally posted to Flickr by jsj at https: Haemulidae no Nordeste do Brasil. This is an indication that the fishery acts predominantly on the adult stock, and this is favourable for maintaining the H. The Haemulon plumieri is a typical reef-associated and plumjeri species found plummieri warm and temperate waters of the Western Atlantic.


The pelvic fins are chalky, while the pectoral fins range from light yellow to chalky in color.

Studies of the sexual development and spawning of yellowfin tuna Neothunnus macropterus and skipjack Katsuwonus pelamis in the three areas of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, by examination of gonads. Parasites Monogean, digean, acanthocephalan, nematode, and cestode parasites have all been found associated with the white grunt. This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat It has also been introduced to Bermuda.

Haemulon plumierii – Wikipedia

Haemulon plumieri Lacepede, – white grunt at a small patch reef Classification: A similar result was also found by Darcy on the bank of Campeche, where mature individuals were more abundant in April and May. Since the species is widely caught, we suggest a closed season from March to May and to establish a minimum catch size of Studies have shown white grunt growth rates are most rapid during the first 30 days of life when average daily growth is.

The spawning season was evaluated through the relative frequency of the gonadal maturation stages and through monthly values of the gonadal index GIwhich was calculated using the following formula adapted from Schaeffer and Orange From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.

Taxonomy The white grunt was first described in by Bernhard G. The cycle of female reproduction may, based on the above, be classified as seasonal. Within 48 hours after hatching, the larvae begin to actively feed.

Billings and Munro when studying reef fishes in the Caribbean, found a predominance of females of H.