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What we unfortunately arquitectur no doubt is that this great legacy is not only subject to the ravages of time and the natural elements, but also to the plunders or deterioration caused by humans.

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As you probably know, Spain was one of the first countries to ratify the UNESCO Convention of on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, acquiring thus a permanent com- mitment to the defense and study of this important set of goods of our Cultural Heritage. Spain participates in many International Protection Programs. The Plan discussed the main lines to be carried out in Spain for the protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage.

This task, however, can only be carried out through coordinated efforts of the many Administra- tions involved. The Ministry is also present in the joint work on the development of the archeological charts of the coast of Spain that are being carried out by the Autonomous Communities.

In sum, this International Congress has been an opportunity to increase the inter-institutional and international rigorous professionalized cooperation, for the protection of Underwater Heri- tage. Un plazo muy corto para un historiador, pero diz notable periodo de tiempo para el desarrollo que esta disciplina.

Pero esto es solo una verdad a medias. De nuevo, esto es un aviso de que el aventurerismo ha terminado y se requiere ciencia seria. Fue internacional desde el principio: Se encuentra en la naturaleza del tema: No re desarrollarse comunidades.

We are researchers of history, but we are also a part of the history.

We may look back on 60 years of underwater archaeology. A very short term for a historian, but a remarkable timespan for the development that this discipline has taken. Methods had to be developed, tools had to be invented and places had to be found where the findings could be treated and displayed. Institutes were founded and the antiquity authorities included the underwater heritage into their competences.

You may see the story of underwater archaeology as a steady progress of becoming more and more professional and of implementing the value of underwater cultural heritage to human society.

But this is only the half of the truth.

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The success of underwater archaeology that we have today is nearly exclusively based on individual engagement. You had to be a freak to promote underwater archaeology and in many parts of the world, you have to be a freak still today. I do not want to stress this point, but mention two cases that show what has been reached.


The American Court that condemned Odyssey Marine to dw all stolen silver coins to Spain sent out a strong signal: Respect the heritage wherever you are! The second case regards the so-called Santa Maria of Haiti.

Unesco via the Advisory Board formed a team of experts that examined the site and declared within relatively short time, that the remains do not belong to the Santa Maria. The authority of Unesco was immediately and worldwide accepted by the press and the media. This again is a strong signal that adventurism is over and serious science is wanted. Filegype do not want to see these two cases too positively, but the direction is the right one.

A remarkable feature of underwater archaeology is its internationality. It was internation- al from the beginning on: I do not want to drive this too far. It lies in the nature of the subject: Closed communities of researchers like for lake dwellings or for.

Here underwater archaeology is a bit like football: Acknowledgements On behalf of the Steering Committee, we have to thank the organisers for their great work they have done. A warm thank goes to the Ministry of Culture of Spain that financed not only the prepa- ration and the execution of the conference, but also the final publication.

Three rooms contemporaneously used were filled with lively discussions, but the cheerfulness and the buzzing talks of the delegates in the sunny courtyard during the coffee breaks will remain a special vtiruvio. A todos ellos, nuestro agradecimiento y reconocimiento.

Twenty years later, in and the Museum organized the FEMAM Euro-Mediterra- nean Forum on Maritime Archaeologythe first international attempt for the diffusion and awareness of this discipline, with the participation of 17 Governments. On January 23,the foundational stone of the new building was settled. And finally, in November the new Siege of the Museum was inaugurated. The pages vitrufio these Acts detail the high number of communications and posters hosted by the Congress.

In view of the large number of participants, it was necessary to manage other venues, prepare acts, transportation of the numerous congressmen, various venues and various halls, internal movement and external staff, housing, maintenance, relations with fuletype Technical Univer- sity of Cartagena, with the Arquitecturra Hall and various institutions of the city.

And finally, the thou- sand aspects, some large, some small, on which depends the success of such an international event. Even in the smallest details, we were obliged to satisfy to all those who had deposited his faith in the Museum.

The infinite genero- sity of time and brains that they demonstrated from November to October will only be compensated with the publication on these Acts of the IKUWA 5 Congress. After the Congress, it was necessary to organize the proceedings for its publication; a task as exciting intellectually as tedious: In the other, the meticulous review of errata, different formats, bibliographical references, etc. To all of them my best recognition.

I could not close these Preliminary lines without giving the personal thanks of the staff of the Museum to each of our colleagues who visited us in Cartagena to take part in the Congress. To all of them, our warmest appreciation. Underwater Cultural Heritage Management in Italy Constructing the bases for in situ protection The case of Poz- zuoli and Baiae Italy Early Roman barge from Ljubljanica river, Slovenia One solution for the preservation of large waterlogged wood A new approach for studying coastal cities and their palaeolandscapes A case study in historic changes to lacustrine environments and its impact on the archaeological record Stratigos Two artificial anchorages off the Dead Sea north shore: The case of Tochni Lakkia Preliminary Report on the Excavations Topographic reflec- tion after the excavations outside the city walls Luis I Square Lisbon, Portugal: Amphorae from Rocca Nadore, West Sicily excavation New data on lead ingot trade on the basis of epigraphic research Transformations from Roman Times to the Islamic Period Research aims, approaches in methodology An approach by analysis of ce- ramic artefact during the post-medieval period Forest resources for Iberian Empires: Ecology and Globaliza- tion in the Age of Discovery 16th th centuries Shipbuilding and the shipwreck An Intact wreck of 17th century merchant ship Las actas se publicaron en como Die Neue Sicht.


La conferencia fue precedida por una escuela de campo de desarrollo profesional con participantes de casi una docena de naciones organizadas por el NAS. En total se presentaron trabajos: Su programa preliminar fue presentado en Cartagena en octubre de The congress was a resounding success, with wide international participation. It had a series of chronological sessions and a series of thematic sessions on subjects such as conserva- tion, recording and management.

Particular importance was given to a round table on the pro- tection of the European underwater cultural heritage, with particular reference to the Unesco Convention.

There was also a special video contest with 25 submissions of which one was given an award and a contest of scientific works where all three submissions were given an award. The proceedings of the conference were published as Schutz des Kulturerbes unter Wasser. It was agreed at Sassnitz to inaugurate an ambitious programme of congresses to build an international network of institutions dealing with underwater archaeology.

The organizing committee included also German and British members. About participants from 25 countries attended. The proceedings were published in as Die Neue Sicht.

In the days preceding the congress a postgraduate training workshop was held, with 21 participants from 11 European countries.

Actas del V Congreso Internacional de Arqueología Subacuática (IKUWA V)

The conference was preceded by a professional develop- ment field school with participants from almost a dozen nations organized by NAS. One day before, Unesco held a one-day intergovernmental conference in the British Academy on the Convention.

Even China sent a delegation to observe the conference. Publication is still under way.

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Participants, almost people between authors and listeners, came from more than 30 countries on five continents. A total of works were presented: Their proceedings are the object of this publication. Their preliminary program was presented in Cartagena in October Its final program will close in May Al Congreso, celebrado en octubre deasistieron casi personas en total: En el programa final hubo comunicaciones: