Capparidaceae (The Poppy Family). List of Plants from Capparaceae or Capparidaceae Family (Total 6 Plants from Capparaceae or Capparidaceae). Define family Capparidaceae. family Capparidaceae synonyms, family Capparidaceae pronunciation, family Capparidaceae translation, English dictionary. a dilleniid dicot family of the order Rhoeadales that includes: genera Capparis, Cleome, Crateva, and Polanisia.
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Herbs, erect or scandent shrubs, rarely small trees, often glandular hairy.
Capparidaceae (The Poppy Family)
Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, simple or digitately rarely 1, 2 or 9- -foliolate; leaflets usually entire; stipulesoften spiny, persistent or caducous. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, often corymbose, sometimes solitary or fascicled.
Flowers hermaphrodite rarely dioeciousregular, sometimes with unequal sepals or petals, complete or rarely petals wanting, pedicellate. Sepals 4 rarely morefree or sometimes connate below, equal or unequal, valuate or imbricate. Petals 4 rarely wanting or moresessile or clawed. Ovary sessile or capparidadeae on a gynophore of varying length, unilocular with usually 2 parietal placentas or rarely divided by spurious dissepiments into 2 or more locules; cxpparidaceae many rarely few even 1 or 2usually campylotropous with 2 integuments; style 0 – long, with simple stigma.
Fruits generally capsular or baccate, often oblong-cylindrical or globose, sometimes torulose or somewhat lobed, 1-many seeded; seeds reniform or angular; endosperm none or scanty; embryo usually incurved; cotyledons folded or convolute; radicle often conical and incumbent. A medium-sized family with about 45 genera and nearly species, mostly in tropical and subtropical regions. It is represented by 7 genera and 23 species incl. In consequence subfamily Cleomoideae together with the related Tovariaceae, will be given family status and included in future volume in the Herbaceae preceding the Brassicaceae”.
He further remarked on page ” Experts do not seem to agree with Hutchinson and maintain the original status of the family and do not think it necessary to split it into two families simply on the grounds of herbaceous and woody habit. The general appearance of the plants with their usually glandular hairs, fruit without septum, flowers and specially the stamens fully justify that the Cleomoideae and Capparidoideae should remain within one single family.
Dipterygium, which has superficial fruit resemblance with Brassicaceae should also remain within this family. The 7 genera of this family, occurring in West Pakistan, can be classified into three subfamilies. Thanks are also due to Mr.
Family Capparidaceae – definition of family Capparidaceae by The Free Dictionary
Hedge of Edinburgh for their help capparivaceae guidance. Under the circumstances both the names should be allowed for use. Lower Taxa Cadaba Forssk. Capparidoideae Pax Capparis L. Cleomoideae Pax Crataeva L. Dipterygioideae Pax Dipterygium Decne.
Related Links opens in a new window Treatments in Other Floras www. Login eFloras Home Help. Fruits indehiscent or hardly dehiscentglobose, long or short, cylindrical; seeds usually surrounded by at least a little pulp; generally shrubs or trees rarely under shrubs or bushy herbs.
Fruit capsular, dehiscent rarely subdehiscentwithout any pulp; generally herbs. Shrubs or trees sometimes climbing or spreading ; fruits larger and more or less pulpy often baccate.
Undershrubs or bushy herbs only up to 60 cm tall ; fruit only mm long, ellipsoid, subcompressed, margined, seeded, dry indehiscent nutlet. Sepals fused below forming a distinct tube; petals often reduced or apparently wanting. Sepals distant, inserted on the edges of a distinct disk; a deciduous tree; leaves trifoliolate.
Sepals biseriate or imbricate; mostly shrubs with persistent leaves; leaves simple in the local representatives. Stamens usually indefinite, inserted at the base of the gynophore; disk appendix absent; leaves usually with 2 stipular spines. Stamens usuallyinserted irregualarly or apparently more familyy less halfway upon the gynophore; leaves without stipular spines.
Stamens borne on a conspicuous androphore which exceeds the petals in length. Capparis spinosa Xiangying Wen. Cleome arborea Xiangying Wen. Related Links opens in a new window. Treatments in Other Floras www.