En conmemoración del VII centenario de la batalla de Muret, en donde el rey Pedro, aragoneses, catalanes, lenguadocianos y gascones cayeron en defensa . Batalla de Muret. Usage on Batalha de Murèth. Usage on pl. Bitwa pod Muret. Usage on the Crusader army of Simon IV de Montfort defeated the Catharist, Aragonese and Catalan forces Batalla de × 1,; KB.
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The Battle of Muret was fought on 12 September It started as a siege of the castle castle there, but ended as an open battle – one of the very few of the Cathar Crusades. Muret is located near to the City of Toulouse. Muret is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in south-western France.
Today It is an mufet suburb of the city of Toulouse, though it does not belong to Greater Toulouse, which it declined to join. It lies Southwest of Toulouse and is the largest component of the intercommunality of Muretain. Today there is no vestige of the Medieval castle there, and the battlefield has been largely built over. The Mudet of Muret: The Battle took place outside the castrum of Muret, now the centre of of much larger town, so much of the ve lies batall modern mjret.
By Septemberthe town of Muret was back in the hands of the Occitan lords. About 30 crusader knights remained within the castle. They knew they could not resist for long. They sent a message to Simon de Montfort who was at Fanjeaux to come to their rescue.
Simon assembled as many knights as possible among the crusaders who had not yet gone back to France after their 40 days of annual duty and they rode hotfoot to Muret.
The king of Aragon ordered his men to withdraw from the town to allow Simon’s troop to enter the citadel planning to trap them there. The following day, Simon launched a sudden attack. The Meridionals were not well organised. Together with thousands Catalans, Aragonese and Occitans, the king of Aragon died in the field of battle. Simon’s victory was complete. On 10 September, Peter’s army arrived at Muret, and was joined by a Toulousain militia.
He positioned his army so their right flank batala protected by the Saudrune River, and the left protected by a marsh. He left the Toulousain militia to assault the walls df the castle.
Aragonese and Occitan strength:. Some attacked the castle, others stayed encamped or followed the cavalry. Simon de Montfort’s mailed cavalry included knights, making the small force of exceptional quality. King Peter of Aragon had brought to 1, Aragonese cavalry, joined by a militia from Toulouse and allied armies brought by the Counts of Comminges and Foix.
King Peter of Aragon’s combined batallla possibly numbered 4, cavalry, with thirty to forty thousand infantry. Montfort divided his army into three squadrons, and then led them across the Garonne to meet the Aragonese forces. Batakla, advised a defensive murey in order to weaken the advancing enemy with bowshot and javelins. Peter rejected this suggestion as unknightly and dishonourable.
Peter rode to the front line, forsaking his royal armour for the plain armour of an ordinary knight a common practice for fighting kings of the timean ordinary knight donning the king’s armour.
When de Montfort’s first batall charged the field, the Aragonese cavalry was crushed and Peter himself was unhorsed. He is reported to have cried out, “I am the king! According to another report he was expecting to be taken prisoner rather than be killed.
In any case he was killed. With the mureg that their king had been killed, the Aragonese forces broke in panic and fled, pursued by Montfort’s Crusaders. According to ed Crusader chroniclers the coalition army numbered almost 34 men and de Montfort’s army only 2, but it seems likely that the imbalance has been exaggerated – as it almost always was by the victorious side in medieval battles.
This was one of the very few open battles of the Cathar Wars – the local forces must have known that they were no match for Simon’s army. Simon was a brilliant military strategist, tactician and leader, commanding a highly organised aggressive and experienced hierarchical army. The local murer were poorly organised, uncoordinated and more concerned with paratgecortezia and convivienza than military victory. Peter must have known that the tactics of the Count of Toulouse would have ensured victory, but imagined that God would ensure victory the same mistake that Simon would make at Toulouse five years later.
A monument to Peter II marked the spot where tradition holds that he fell in battle near the modern tourist office. Shamefully, a modern French highway has been build over it – the French are not keen on reminders that they annexed this territory after killing the suzerain of these lands in defeating the House of Toulouse.
The monument has been moved to a spot nearby, on a traffic roundabout. Churchmen like Dominic and Arnaud Amaury played batallla prominent role in military sieges – Senior churchmen were often mufet chief engineers for siege engines, and Arnaud had been supreme commander of the Crusade in the early days.
But less warlike senior churchmen would generally retire from open battles. But during the battle he retired to safety. He supposedly spent the battle kneeling before an altar in the church of Saint-Jacques, praying for the triumph of the Catholic arms. When Simon de Montfort won the battle, he regarded his victory as miraculous, and attributed it to Dominic’s prayers.
In gratitude for this victory, the Simon erected a chapel in the church of Saint-Jacques, According to Catholic tradition has it was here in the church of Saint-Jacques as he prayed for victory that the Virgin Mary first gave Dominic a chaplet of beads, the prototype of the ones now used so extensively within the Catholic Church.
This tradition is a late and unreliable, and sits ill with the earlier use of identical prayer beads by Moslems.
Nevertheless a plaque in the chapel assures us that:. Dedicado el 12 de d de – “. Dedicated Batallq 12, – “. Cathar Origins, History, Beliefs. ce
An angel dressed a Dominican, depicted on a stained glass window inside the Eglise St Jacques in Muret. Peter is shown ce the right, being run-through by a knight’s lance.
He is incorrectly shown wearing his royal crown and bearing the arms of Aragon. A French stamp commemorating the battle of Muret on the th anniversary. Unusually, the heraldry is accurate. The exact location of events during the battle is disputed. Below are a number of alternative maps illustrating the battle.
We have tried to credit the authors wherever possible, but not all are known.
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If you are able to provide further information, please contact the webmaster. Battle overlaid on a modern map of Muret – baatalla See separate sections below on: Guillaume de Contres and Guillaume des Barres. Bouchard de Marly 3rd squadron: Aragonese and Occitan strength: They were probably not fully prepared, possibly not yet mounted. The two memorials have been moved to a traffic roundabout!
Eglise St Jacques in Muret in characteristic Toulouse brick. Memorial plaque in the Eglise St Jacques in Muret.
Plano de Muret enobra de F. Castle and Manor Houses Resources