The Yagi antenna or Yagi-Uda antenna or aerial is a particularly popular form of antenna where directivity and gain are required. Although the Yagi has become. The famous yagi-uda antenna is discussed. The background on yagis (the yagi antenna) are given starting with a discussion of the Japanese inventor Yagi. This example optimizes a 6-element Yagi-Uda antenna for both directivity and input match using a global optimization technique.

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Yagi Antennas Design Parameters. The Yagi-Uda antenna or Yagi Antenna is one of the most brilliant antenna designs. It is simple to construct and has a high gaintypically greater than 10 dB. You are probably familiar with this antenna, as they sit on top of roofs everywhere.

Yagi–Uda antenna

An example of a Yagi-Uda antenna is shown below. The Yagi antenna was invented in Japan, with results first published in The work was originally done by Shintaro Uda, but published in Japanese. The work was presented for the first time in English by Yagi who was yzgi Uda’s professor or colleague, my sources are conflictingwho went to America and gave the first English talks on the antenna, which led to its widespread use. Hence, even though the antenna is often called a Yagi antenna, Uda probably invented it.

A picture of Professor Yagi with a Yagi-Uda antenna is shown below.

Online Calculator Yagi Uda Antenna

In the next section, we’ll explain the principles of the Yagi-Uda antenna. Geometry of Yagi-Uda antenna. The Yagi antenna consists of antnea single ‘feed’ or ‘driven’ element, typically a dipole or a folded dipole antenna. This is the only member of the above structure that is actually excited a source voltage or current applied.


The rest of the elements are parasitic – they reflect or help to transmit the energy in a particular direction. The length of the feed element is given in Figure 1 as F. The feed antenna is almost always the second from the end, as shown in Figure 1. This feed antenna is often altered in size to make it resonant in the presence of the parasitic elements typically, 0.

The element to the left of the feed element in Figure 1 is the reflector. The length of this element is given as R and the distance between the feed and the reflector is SR. The reflector element is typically slightly longer than the feed element. There is typically only one reflector; adding more hda improves performance very slightly.

This element is important in determining the front-to-back ratio of the antenna. Having the reflector slightly longer than resonant serves two purposes. The first is that the larger the element is, the better of a physical reflector it becomes.

Secondly, if the reflector is longer than its resonant length, the impedance of the reflector will be inductive. Hence, the current on the reflector lags the voltage induced on the reflector.

The director elements those to the right of the feed in Figure 1 ahtena be shorter than resonant, making them capacitive, so that the current leads the voltage. This will cause a phase distribution to occur across the elements, simulating the phase progression of a plane wave across the array yayi elements. This leads to the array being designated as a travelling wave antenna.

The rest of the elements those to the right of the feed antenna as shown in Figure 1 are known as director elements.

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Each element is of length Diand separated from the adjacent director by a length SDi. As alluded to in ud previous paragraph, the lengths of the directors are typically less than the resonant length, which encourages wave propagation in the direction of the directors.

The above description is the basic idea of what is going on with the Yagi-Uda antenna.

Yagi antenna design is done most often via measurements, and sometimes computer simulations. For instance, let’s look at a two-element Yagi antenna 1 reflector, 1 feed element, 0 natena. The gain as a function of the separation is shown in Figure 2. Gain versus separation for 2-element Yagi antenna. The above graph shows that the gain is increased by about 2.

Similarly, the gain for this Yagi antenna can be plotted as a function of director spacings, or as a function of the number of directors used. Typically, the first director will add approximately 3 dB of overall gain if designed wellthe second will add about 2 dB, the third about 1.

Adding an additional director always increases uad gain; however, the gain in directivity decreases as the number of elements gets larger. For instance, if there are 8 directors, and another director is added, the increases in gain will be less than 0.

In the next section on Yagis, I’ll go further into the design of Yagi-Uda antennas. Yagi Antennas Design Parameters Top: No portion can be reproduced except by permission of the author.

Yagi antenna, yagi-uda antenna.